Heavy Clouds

We are now aware that clouds can only form where air is rising. When air rises it cools off, and this causes water droplets to form, making clouds. Not all rising air makes clouds, but if the air has enough moisture (humidity) in it, then clouds may form. A good way to picture this is when wind blows humid air towards a mountain. When the air hits the mountain it has no where to go but up.

So, how does a cloud hold water? First of all, the droplets of water are very very small, smaller than the head of a pin. Because they are so small they are easily kept up by the rising air. So the reason that clouds can hold water droplets is because the air in clouds is rising, and the rising air keeps pushing the water droplets upwards.

A giant thunderhead cloud may contain more than two billion pounds of water, but even a modest sized cloud may contain water equivalent to the mass of a 747 jet plane.

The Qur’an details the water cycle in great detail but here we will focus on verses mentioning heavy clouds. Read the verse below.

“It is He Who sends out the winds, bringing advance news of His mercy, so that when they have lifted up the heavy clouds, We dispatch them to a dead land and send down water to it, by means of which We bring forth all kinds of fruit.” (Qur’an, 7:57)

Translation from other major translators
Sahih International: And it is He who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy until, when they have carried heavy rainclouds, We drive them to a dead land and We send down rain therein and bring forth thereby [some] of all the fruits. Thus will We bring forth the dead; perhaps you may be reminded.
Pickthall: And He it is Who sendeth the winds as tidings heralding His mercy, till, when they bear a cloud heavy (with rain), We lead it to a dead land, and then cause water to descend thereon and thereby bring forth fruits of every kind. Thus bring We forth the dead. Haply ye may remember.
Yusuf Ali: It is He Who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon, and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance ye may remember.
Shakir: And He it is Who sends forth the winds bearing good news before His mercy, until, when they bring up a laden cloud, We drive it to a dead land, then We send down water on it, then bring forth with it of fruits of all kinds; thus shall We bring forth the dead that you may be mindful.
Muhammad Sarwar: God sends the wind bearing the glad news of His mercy. When heavy clouds are formed, We drive them unto a barren country and rain down on it water to cause all kinds of fruits to grow. In the same way do We bring the dead to life again. Perhaps you would take heed.
Mohsin Khan: And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain). Till when they have carried a heavy­laden cloud, We drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed.
Arberry: It is He who looses the winds, bearing good tidings before His mercy, till, when they are charged with heavy clouds, We drive it to a dead land and therewith send down water, and bring forth, therewith all the fruits. Even so We shall bring forth the dead; haply you will remember.

Another verse mentions:

It is He Who doth show you the lightning, by way both of fear and of hope: It is He Who doth raise up the clouds, heavy with (fertilising) rain! (Qur’an, 13:12)

Translation from other major translators
Sahih International: It is He who shows you lightening, [causing] fear and aspiration, and generates the heavy clouds.
Pickthall: He it is Who showeth you the lightning, a fear and a hope, and raiseth the heavy clouds.
Yusuf Ali: It is He Who doth show you the lightning, by way both of fear and of hope: It is He Who doth raise up the clouds, heavy with (fertilising) rain!
Shakir: He it is Who shows you the lightning causing fear and hope and (Who) brings up the heavy cloud.
Muhammad Sarwar: It is God who flashes lightning to frighten you and to give you hope. It is He who forms the heavy clouds.
Mohsin Khan: It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear (for travellers) and as a hope (for those who wait for rain). And it is He Who brings up (or originates) the clouds, heavy (with water).
Arberry: It is He who shows you the lightning, for fear and hope, and produces the heavy clouds;


At the time when the Qur’an was revealed over 1400 years ago, the technology did not exist to analyse the weight of the clouds. Who would have known this over 1400 years ago? Some think the Qur’an was made up by the prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Why has nothing been proven incorrect since the Qur’an was revealed? Why does Modern Science continue to prove the Qur’an correct?

The Qur’an continues to amaze me

The Movement Of Mountains

Today, we are aware that the mountains are not standing still or motionless as they seem to be, but are actually in motion. It can be hard to believe.

A verse within the Qur’an mentions:
And you will see the mountains presuming them fixed whereas they will be moving like the clouds; this is Allah’s making, Who created all things with wisdom; indeed He is Informed of what you do. (Qur’an, 27:88)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah , who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do.
Pickthall: And thou seest the hills thou deemest solid flying with the flight of clouds: the doing of Allah Who perfecteth all things. Lo! He is Informed of what ye do.
Yusuf Ali: Thou seest the mountains and thinkest them firmly fixed: but they shall pass away as the clouds pass away: (such is) the artistry of Allah, who disposes of all things in perfect order: for he is well acquainted with all that ye do.
Shakir: And you see the mountains, you think them to be solid, and they shall pass away as the passing away of the cloud– the handiwork of Allah Who has made every thing thoroughly; surely He is Aware of what you do.
Muhammad Sarwar: You think the mountains are solid. In fact, they move like clouds. It is God’s technique which has established everything perfectly. He is well Aware of what you do.
Mohsin Khan: And you will see the mountains and think them solid, but they shall pass away as the passing away of the clouds. The Work of Allah, Who perfected all things, verily! He is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
Arberry: and thou shalt see the mountains, that thou supposest fixed, passing by like clouds — God’s handiwork, who has created everything very well. He is aware of the things you do.

The below image demonstrates how Earth has expanded and formed over the years.


This discovery was only made as a result of  research carried out at the beginning of the 20th century. Scientists explain this movement of the Earth’s crust as follows:

“The crust and the uppermost part of the mantle, with a thickness of about 100kms are divided into segments called plates. There are six major plates, and several small ones. According to the theory called plate tectonics, these plates move about on Earth, carrying continents and ocean floor with them. Continental motion has been measured at from 1-5 cm per year. As the plates continue to move about, this will produce a slow change in Earth’s geography. Each year, for instance, the Atlantic Ocean becomes slightly wider.” (Source: Sheets, Gardner, and Howe, General Science, 305)

Today, modern science uses the term ‘Continental Drift‘ for this motion of the mountains.

The verse above also emphasizes that the Earth not only rotates but that it also has a direction of rotation. The main reason why cloud masses are pulled from West to East is the direction in which the Earth rotates.  As we know, our Earth spins from West to East. This scientific fact was only recently discovered by modern Science, but was revealed within the Qur’an over 1,400 years ago, at a time when the Earth was believed to be flat and the mountains held up the skies.

God knows best

Mountains Act As Pegs

The beautiful mountains which surround us, relaxing, provide water and a joy for climbers. Do they have any other use for us? Yes, did you know they help stabalize the earth?

For example, Mount Everest, the summit of which stands approximately 9km high above the surface of the Earth, has a root deeper than 125km into the Earth.

Geologists have proven that if Earth was completely flat, it would have been in a constant vibration. Mountains stabilize the earth during its rotation around its own axis. The Earth is travelling at around 1,000mph around its own axis, yet we don’t feel it.

Mountains have deep roots under the surface of the ground. (Earth, Press and Siever, p. 413.)


The Quran mentions the verse:

“Have We not
made The earth as a wide Expanse,  and the mountains as pegs?” (Qur’an, 78:6-7)

And below are translations from other translators:
Sahih International: And the mountains as stakes?
Pickthall: And the high hills bulwarks?
Yusuf Ali: And the mountains as pegs?
Shakir: And the mountains as projections (thereon)?
Muhammad Sarwar: and the mountains as pegs (to anchor the earth)?
Mohsin Khan: And the mountains as pegs?
Arberry: and the mountains as pegs?

and further verses mention:

“And We have set on the earth Mountains standing firm, Lest it should shake with them.” (Qur’an, 21:31)

“And the mountains Hath He firmly fixed.” (Qur’an, 79:32)

“And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm?: (Qur’an, 88:19)

“He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein.” (Qur’an, 31:10)

“And He has affixed into the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you, and rivers and roads, that you may guide yourselves.” (Quran, 16:15)

Mountains act like pegs, similar to pegs which hold down a tent, but in a much greater scale. This has been proven correct by modern geology research. The above verses were revealed over 1400 years ago at a time when no human would have known this without the use of hi-tech equipment which did not exist.

Who can deny such verses to be incorrect and who would want to make such verses up. If the Qur’an was made up with guess work, the individual would have been a very good guesser with a 100% guess rate. The Earth rotates at around 1,000 mph hour, yet we don’t feel it and the Qur’an revealed why over 1400 years ago.

The verses above are truly amazing. The Qur’an goes in to greater detail regards the Universe, this is just a glimpse.

God knows best.