The Big Bang

Today, most believe that the Universe began with a Big Bang which occured about 14 billion years ago. At that time, the entire Universe was inside a bubble that was thousands of times smaller than a pinhead which was hotter and denser than anything we can imagine.

Then it suddenly exploded which is why the Universe we are part of today was created. Time, space and matter all began after the Big Bang occured. In a fraction of a second, the Universe grew from smaller than a pinhead to bigger than a Galaxy and it kept on growing. The Universe is still expanding today.

The Qur’an amazingly mentions both the creation of the Universe and the continuous expansion.

The Qur’an mentions:

“Did not the disbelievers observe that the heavens and the earth were together, so We parted them, and we made every living thing from water? So will they not accept faith?” (Quran, 21:30)

Other translations of the above verse:

Sahih International: Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?
Pickthall: Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water? Will they not then believe?
Yusuf Ali: Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?
Shakir: Do not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the earth were closed up, but We have opened them; and We have made of water everything living, will they not then believe?
Muhammad Sarwar: Have the unbelievers not ever considered that the heavens and the earth were one piece and that We tore them apart from one another. From water We have created all living things. Will they then have no faith?
Mohsin Khan: Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?
Arberry: Have not the unbelievers then beheld that the heavens and the earth were a mass all sewn up, and then We unstitched them and of water fashioned every living thing? Will they not believe?

The expansion of the Universe is detailed in post Universe Is Expanding

This was another verse which amazed me. The Qur’an seems to mention the Big Bang in a nutshell over 1400 years ago.

God knows best

Universe Started From Smoke

According to NASA’s website, billions of years ago our solar system had its beginnings as a vast cloud of dust and gas. The cloud began to collapse, flattening into a giant disk that rotated faster and faster, just as an ice skater spins faster as she brings her arms in. The Sun formed at the center, and the swirling gas and dust in the rest of the spinning disk clumped together to produce the planets, moons, asteroids, and comets.

The Quran mentions:

Then He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, “Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion.” They said, “We have come willingly.” (Qur’an, 41:11)

Other Translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: Then He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, “Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion.” They said, “We have come willingly.”
Pickthall: Then turned He to the heaven when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth: Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient.
Yusuf Ali: Moreover He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been (as) smoke: He said to it and to the earth: “Come ye together, willingly or unwillingly.” They said: “We do come (together), in willing obedience.”
Shakir: Then He directed Himself to the heaven and it is a vapor, so He said to it and to the earth: Come both, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly.
Muhammad Sarwar: He established His dominance over the sky, which (for that time) was like smoke. Then He told the heavens and the earth, “Take your shape either willingly or by force” They said, “We willingly obey”.
Mohsin Khan: Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said: “We come, willingly.”
Arberry: Then He lifted Himself to heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth, “Come willingly, or unwillingly!” They said, “We come willingly.”

Who would have known this over 1400 years ago? Could someone have made such a verse up?

The Moon’s Orbit

If you carry out some research you will find that the Earth spins faster then the moon. The Earth spins at around 1,000mph according to NASA’s website. By comparison, the moon rotates about 10 mph. It takes 24 hours for the Earth to rotate completely.

The Moon takes around 27.32 days to complete a rotation around the Earth. The Moons rotation pattern and phases are shown in the images below.

Phases_of_the_Moon

Moon-Orbit-Shape

moonorbit

Now, read the below verse from the Qur’an:

“And We have appointed positions for the moon till it returns like an old branch of the date palm. It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon, nor does the night surpass the day; and each one of them floats in its orbit.” (Qur’an, 36:39-40)

Other translations of the above:
Sahih International: And the moon – We have determined for it phases, until it returns [appearing] like the old date stalk. It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.
Pickthall: And for the moon We have appointed mansions till she return like an old shrivelled palm-leaf. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali: And the Moon,- We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk. It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).
Shakir: And (as for) the moon, We have ordained for it stages till it becomes again as an old dry palm branch. Neither is it allowable to the sun that it should overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; and all float on in a sphere.
Muhammad Sarwar: how We ordained the moon to pass through certain phases until it seems eventually to be like a bent twig; how the sun is not supposed to catch-up with the moon, nor is the night to precede the day. All of them are to float in a certain orbit;
Mohsin Khan: And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.
Arberry: And the moon — We have determined it by stations, till it returns like an aged palm-bough. It behoves not the sun to overtake the moon, neither does the night outstrip the day, each swimming in a sky.

Date-Branch

Date-Branch2

This is truly amazing. If you carry out your research you will find that the Moon does not follow a regular orbit like the other planets. As the Moon orbits the Earth, it sometimes moves behind it and sometimes in front. The Earth travels at around 1,000 miles per hour and is around 4 times larger then the Moon. As the Moon also moves with the Earth around the Sun, it actually follows a constant pattern resembling the letter “S” in space. As mentioned in the Qur’an, it resembles an old date branch and does indeed resemble the twisted form.

Who would have known this 1400 years ago. Another amazing discovery

God knows best

The End Of The Universe

You may have heard of The Big Crunch Theory. Scientists have already discovered that the Universe is expanding, which is also mentioned within the Qur’an. But experts believe that there will come a time when the whole Universe will reach a saturation point. When this occurs, the expansion of the Universe will stop altogether and the whole process will reverse and the Universe will fold back in on itself. Basically, astronomers believe that the Universe will eventually collapse on itself until nothing is left.

The Qur’an mentions the Big Crunch discovered by humans recently, within the below verse revealed over 1400 years ago:

“That Day We will fold up heaven like folding up the pages of a book. As We originated the first creation so We will regenerate it. It is a promise binding on Us. That is what We will do.” (Qur’an, 21:104)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.
Pickthall: The Day when We shall roll up the heavens as a recorder rolleth up a written scroll. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise (binding) upon Us. Lo! We are to perform it.
Yusuf Ali: The Day that We roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed),- even as We produced the first creation, so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it.
Shakir: On the day when We will roll up heaven like the rolling up of the scroll for writings, as We originated the first creation, (so) We shall reproduce it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will bring it about.
Muhammad Sarwar: (This will happen) on the day when We roll up the heavens as if it were a written scroll and bring it back into existence just as though We had created it for the first time. This is what We have promised and We have always been true to Our promise.
Mohsin Khan: And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books, as We began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it.
Arberry: On the day when We shall roll up heaven as a scroll is rolled for the writings; as We originated the first creation, so We shall bring it back again — a promise binding on Us; so We shall do.

God has mentioned within the Qur’an that the Universe is expanding and in another verse said it will fold back again. Science confirmed that the Universe is indeed expanding and also confirmed the Big Crunch Theory which will bring the Universe to an end. Who would have known this over 1400 years ago.Why would someone want to guess such verses knowing that it could be proved incorrect in the future. Yet, the Qur’an continues to move forward with us and modern Science even after 1400 years. Amazing.

Another amazing verse within the Qur’an, proved by modern science.

God knows best

We Sent Down Iron

Today, Iron is a major part of our lives. It’s used for all types of products. Science recently discovered the advantages of Iron. See text below from Michael J. Denton, Nature’s Destiny (The Free Press: 1998), 198

“Of all the metals there is none more essential to life than iron. It is the accumulation of iron in the center of a star which triggers a supernova explosion and the subsequent scattering of the vital atoms of life throughout the cosmos. It was the drawing by gravity of iron atoms to the center of the primeval earth that generated the heat which caused the initial chemical differentiation of the earth, the outgassing of the early atmosphere, and ultimately the formation of the hydrosphere. It is molten iron in the center of the earth which, acting like a gigantic dynamo, generates the earth’s magnetic field, which in turn creates the Van Allen radiation belts that shield the earth’s surface from destructive high-energy-penetrating cosmic radiation and preserve the crucial ozone layer from cosmic ray destruction.

Without the iron atom, there would be no carbon based life in the cosmos; no supernovae, no heating of the primitive earth, no atmosphere or hydrosphere. There would be no protective magnetic field, no Van Allen radiation belts, no ozone layer, no metal to make hemoglobin [in human blood], no metal to tame the reactivity of oxygen, and no oxidative metabolism.

The intriguing and intimate relationship between life and iron, between the red color of blood and the dying of some distant star, not only indicates the relevance of metals to biology but also the biocentricity of the cosmos”

The Qur’an mentions the below verse:

“Indeed We sent Our Noble Messengers with proofs, and sent down the Book and the Balance of Justice along with them, so that people may stay upon justice; and We sent down iron having severe heat and benefits for mankind, and so that Allah may see him, who without seeing aides Him and His Noble Messengers; indeed Allah is Almighty, Dominant.” (Qur’an, 57:25)

Translations of the above verse from others:
Sahih International: We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for the people, and so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.
Pickthall: We verily sent Our messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance, that mankind may observe right measure; and He revealed iron, wherein is mighty power and (many) uses for mankind, and that Allah may know him who helpeth Him and His messengers, though unseen. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty.
Yusuf Ali: We sent aforetime our messengers with Clear Signs and sent down with them the Book and the Balance (of Right and Wrong), that men may stand forth in justice; and We sent down Iron, in which is (material for) mighty war, as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that will help, Unseen, Him and His messengers: For Allah is Full of Strength, Exalted in Might (and able to enforce His Will).
Shakir: Certainly We sent Our messengers with clear arguments, and sent down with them the Book and the balance that men may conduct themselves with equity; and We have made the iron, wherein is great violence and advantages to men, and that Allah may know who helps Him and His messengers in the secret; surely Allah is Strong, Mighty.
Muhammad Sarwar: We sent Our Messengers with clear evidence (to support their truthfulness), and sent with them the Book and the Balance so that people would maintain justice. We sent down iron – in which there is strong power and benefit for the people – so that God would know who would help Him and His Messenger without seeing the unseen. God is All-powerful and Majestic.
Mohsin Khan: Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
Arberry: Indeed, We sent Our Messengers with the clear signs, and We sent down with them the Book and the Balance so that men might uphold justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great might, and many uses for men, and so that God might know who helps Him, and His Messengers, in the Unseen. Surely God is All-strong, All-mighty. The word ‘anzalna’, is translated as ‘sent down’ and used for iron in the verse, could be thought of having a metaphorical meaning to explain that iron has been given to benefit people.

we-sent-down

When we take into consideration the literal meaning of the word, which is, “being sent down”, we realise that this verse implies a very significant scientific miracle. Because, modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the iron found in our world has come from giant stars in outer space.

Another amazing verse within the Qur’an which could not have been made up over 1400 years ago

God knows best

The Sun Rotates

For a very long time humans believed that the earth stood still in the centre of the Universe and every other planet including the Sun moved around it.

Around the year 1512, Nicholas Copernicus put forward his Heliocentric Theory of Planetary Motion, which asserted that the sun is motionless at the centre of the solar system with the planets revolving around it.

In 1609, the German scientist Yohannus Keppler published the ‘Astronomia Nova’. In this he concluded that not only do the planets move in elliptical orbits around the Sun, they also rotate upon their own axis at irregular speeds.

With this knowledge it became possible for European scientists to explain correctly many of the mechanisms of the solar system including the sequence of night and day.

After these discoveries, humans thought that the Sun was stationary and did not rotate about its own axis like the Earth does, but later discovered the Sun actually rotates on its own axis. The rotation of the sun about its own axis can be proved with the help of specially built equipment that projects the image of the sun on the table top so that one can examine the image of the sun without being blinded. This technology did not exist over 1400 years ago.

It is noticed that the sun has spots which complete a circular motion once every 25 days so the sun takes approximately 25 days
to rotate around its own axis.

The sun travels through space at approximately 150 miles per second, and takes about 200 million years to complete one revolution around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy.

The Qur’an  mentions:

“It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon, nor does the night surpass the day; and each one of them floats in its orbit.” (Qur’an, 36:40)

Translations of the above verse from others:
Sahih International: It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.
Pickthall: It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali: It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).
Shakir: Neither is it allowable to the sun that it should overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; and all float on in a sphere.
Muhammad Sarwar: how the sun is not supposed to catch-up with the moon, nor is the night to precede the day. All of them are to float in a certain orbit;
Mohsin Khan: It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.
Arberry: It behoves not the sun to overtake the moon, neither does the night outstrip the day, each swimming in a sky.

This verse mentions an essential fact discovered by modern astronomy, i.e. the existence of the individual orbits of the Sun and the Moon, and their journey through space with their own motion. The ‘fixed place’ towards, which the sun travels, carrying with it the solar system, has been located exactly by modern astronomy. It has been given a name which is the Solar Apex. The Solar system is indeed moving in space towards a point situated in the constellation of Hercules (Alpha Layer) whose exact location is firmly established.

The Moon also rotates around its axis in the same duration that it takes to revolve around the Earth. It takes approximately 29.5 days to complete one rotation.

The Qur’an mentions:

“It is He Who created The Night and the Day, And the sun and the moon: All (the celestial bodies) Swim along, each in its Rounded course.” (Qur’an 21:33)

Translations of the above verse from others:
Sahih International: And it is He who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all [heavenly bodies] in an orbit are swimming.
Pickthall: And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali: It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.
Shakir: And He it is Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all (orbs) travel along swiftly in their celestial spheres.
Muhammad Sarwar: It is God who has created the night, the day, the Sun, and Moon and has made them swim in a certain orbit.
Mohsin Khan: And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.
Arberry: It is He who created the night and the day, the sun and the moon, each swimming in a sky.

The Sun will soon expire?

The Qur’an also mentions the below verse:

“And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.” (Qur’an, 36:38)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: And the sun runs [on course] toward its stopping point. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.
Pickthall: And the sun runneth on unto a resting-place for him. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.
Yusuf Ali: And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.
Shakir: And the sun runs on to a term appointed for it; that is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing.
Muhammad Sarwar: how the sun moves in its orbit and this is the decree of the Majestic and All-knowing God;
Mohsin Khan: And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
Arberry: And the sun — it runs to a fixed resting-place; that is the ordaining of the All-mighty, the All-knowing.

The light of the Sun occurs due to a chemical process on its surface. According to scientists, it will come to an end at some point of time in the future when the Sun will be totally extinguished leading to extinction of all life on Earth.

The Qur’an details the Universe in much more detail revealed over 1400 years ago without the Technology we have today, so who would have known all this in such great detail.

God knows best

Light Of Moon Is Reflected

The Moon is Earth’s closest neighbour with an airless world that orbits the Earth. The Moon is pulled towards planet Earth by the gravity of Earth, but because the Moon is far away and is moving at a perfect pace around Earth, it will never fall down or drift away. If the Moon was moving a lot faster then it is today, it would escape Earth’s gravity and shoot off into space. But if the Moon was moving much more slowly, gravity would pull it down to the Earth. The Moon is travelling at the right speed and away at the right distance to keep it in orbit around Earth.

Moving on to the Moon’s reflected light, in the ealier days it was thought that the light from the moon was its own light. But science later discovered the light from the Moon is not it’s own light but reflected. The Qur’an mentions verses relating to the moons light over 1400 years ago.

“Blessed is He Who made Constellations in the skies, And placed therein
a Lamp And a Moon giving light.” (Holy Qur’an 25:61)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.
Pickthall: Blessed be He Who hath placed in the heaven mansions of the stars, and hath placed therein a great lamp and a moon giving light!
Yusuf Ali: Blessed is He Who made constellations in the skies, and placed therein a Lamp and a Moon giving light;
Shakir: Blessed is He Who made the constellations in the heavens and made therein a lamp and a shining moon.
Muhammad Sarwar: Blessed is He who has established constellations in the sky and made therein a lamp and a shining moon.
Mohsin Khan: Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.
Arberry: Blessed be He who has set in heaven constellations, and has set among them a lamp, and an illuminating moon.

In the above verse, the word “light” is used for the Moon (“nooran” in Arabic) and the word “lamp” for the Sun (“sirajan” in Arabic.) The word used for the Moon refers to a light reflecting, bright and a motionless body. The word used for the Sun refers to a celestial body which is always burning, a constant source of heat and light.

The Qur’an also mentions:

“See ye not How Allah has created The seven heavens One above
another, “And made the moon A light in their midst, and made the sun
As a (Glorious) Lamp?” (Holy Qur’an 71:15-16)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: And made the moon therein a [reflected] light and made the sun a burning lamp?
Pickthall: And hath made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?
Yusuf Ali: And made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp?
Shakir: And made the moon therein a light, and made the sun a lamp?
Muhammad Sarwar: and placed therein the moon as a light
Mohsin Khan: And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?
Arberry: and set the moon therein for a light and the sun for a lamp?

And

It is He Who created the sun radiating and the moon shining and appointed positions for it, for you to know the number of the years, and the account; Allah has not created it except with the truth; He explains the verses in detail for the people of knowledge (Qur’an, 10:5)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account [of time]. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know
Pickthall: He it is Who appointed the sun a splendour and the moon a light, and measured for her stages, that ye might know the number of the years, and the reckoning. Allah created not (all) that save in truth. He detaileth the revelations for people who have knowledge.
Yusuf Ali: It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory and the moon to be a light (of beauty), and measured out stages for her; that ye might know the number of years and the count (of time). Nowise did Allah create this but in truth and righteousness. (Thus) doth He explain His Signs in detail, for those who understand.
Shakir: He it is Who made the sun a shining brightness and the moon a light, and ordained for it mansions that you might know the computation of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create it but with truth; He makes the signs manifest for a people who know.
Muhammad Sarwar: It is God who has made the sun radiant and the moon luminous and has appointed for the moon certain phases so that you may compute the number of years and other reckonings. God has created them for a genuine purpose. He explains the evidence (of His existence) to the people of knowledge.
Mohsin Khan: It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for people who have knowledge.
Arberry: It is He who made the sun a radiance, and the moon a light, and determined it by stations, that you might know the number of the years and the reckoning. God created that not save with the truth, distinguishing the signs to a people who know.

Who would have known this over 1400 years ago? Nothing from the Qur’an has been proven incorrectly and there are many verses which have not yet been discovered by modern science.

Yes, you may find those desperatly trying to find inconsistencies within the Qur’an to prove incorrect, and have been trying for over 1400 years. Another powerful verse within the Qur’an mentions:

“If it had been from other than God, they would have found many inconsistencies  in it.” (Qur’an, 4:82)

For those who think the Qur’an was just made up by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), one must be very confident to be able to write such a verse. Lots have attempted to find consistencies within the Qur’an but failed miserably. I would recommend you read the Qur’an with an open mind and judge for yourself. It is truly an amazing book.

God knows best

The Roundness Of The Earth

Back in the early times, humans believed that the Earth was flat. They were afraid to travel too far as they feared they would fall off the end. Thanks to Sir Francis Drake, an explorer who sailed around the Earth in 1597 proved The earth was not flat but spherical/rounded.

The Qur’an mentions the below verse over 1400 years ago. The below verse could not have been true if the Earth was flat. If the Earth was flat, there would have been a sudden change from night to day and from day to night, not a merge or a wrap from day to night and vice versa. So we were given a hint of the Earth’s shape in the 7th century.

“Seest thou not that Allah merges Night
into Day And He merges Day into Night?” (Qur’an 31:29)

Other translations of the verse above:
Sahih International: Do you not see that Allah causes the night to enter the day and causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term, and that Allah , with whatever you do, is Acquainted?
Pickthall: Hast thou not seen how Allah causeth the night to pass into the day and causeth the day to pass into the night, and hath subdued the sun and the moon (to do their work), each running unto an appointed term; and that Allah is Informed of what ye do?
Yusuf Ali: Seest thou not that Allah merges Night into Day and he merges Day into Night; that He has subjected the sun, and the moon (to his Law), each running its course for a term appointed; and that Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do?
Shakir: Do you not see that Allah makes the night to enter into the day, and He makes the day to enter into the night, and He has made the sun and the moon subservient (to you); each pursues its course till an appointed time; and that Allah is Aware of what you do?
Muhammad Sarwar: Have you not seen that God causes the night to enter into the day and the day into the night. He has made the sun and moon subservient (to Himself). Each moves (in an orbit) for an appointed time. God is certainly All-aware of what you do.
Mohsin Khan: See you not (O Muhammad SAW) that Allah merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night are added in the hours of the day), and merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of day are added in the hours of night), and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running its course for a term appointed; and that Allah is All­Aware of what you do.
Arberry: Hast thou not seen how that God makes the night to enter into the day and makes the day to enter into the night. and He has subjected the sun and the moon, each of them running to a stated term, and that God is aware of what you do?

Another verse from the Qur’an mentions:

“He created the heavens and the earth truthfully. He rolls
the night over the day, and rolls the day over the night” (Qur’an, 39:5)

The Arabic word for “roll” is “yukevviru.” The word is used to depict the act of wrapping a turban around someone’s head. This word was also used in the sense of overlapping of the night and day and vice versa. The reason for the day’s turning into night and the night’s turning into day is due to the spheroid form of the earth. In this verse also we observe implied the sphericity of the world.

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: He created the heavens and earth in truth. He wraps the night over the day and wraps the day over the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term. Unquestionably, He is the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver.
Pickthall: He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth. He maketh night to succeed day, and He maketh day to succeed night, and He constraineth the sun and the moon to give service, each running on for an appointed term. Is not He the Mighty, the Forgiver?
Yusuf Ali: He created the heavens and the earth in true (proportions): He makes the Night overlap the Day, and the Day overlap the Night: He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His law): Each one follows a course for a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted in Power – He Who forgives again and again?
Shakir: He has created the heavens and the earth with the truth; He makes the night cover the day and makes the day overtake the night, and He has made the sun and the moon subservient; each one runs on to an assigned term; now surely He is the Mighty, the great Forgiver.
Muhammad Sarwar: He has created the heavens and the earth for a genuine purpose. He covers the night with the day and the day with the night and has subdued the sun and the moon, each of which floats for an appointed time. God is certainly Majestic and All-Forgiving.
Mohsin Khan: He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.
Arberry: He created the heavens and the earth in truth, wrapping night about the day, and wrapping the day about the night; and He has subjected the sun and the moon, each of them running to a stated term. Is not He the All-mighty, the All-forgiving?

The Qur’an mentions the Universe in much more detail which could not have been known by humans over 1400 years ago. The above is just a glimpse of what the Qur’an describes regards the Earth and the Universe. You will be surprised at the great detail covered within the Qur’an revealed over 1400 years ago, at a time when the technology did not exist.

Some have also argued that the verse mentions expanded or stretched so it must be relating to the earth being flat – spread the earth” or “expanded it”, “smoothed out”.

Translations of Chapter 79 ,verse 30 are below from a few translators.

Sahih International: And after that He spread the earth.
Pickthall: And after that He spread the earth,
Yusuf Ali: And the earth, moreover, hath He extended (to a wide expanse);
Shakir: And the earth, He expanded it after that.
Muhammad Sarwar: After this, He spread out the earth,
Mohsin Khan: And after that He spread the earth;
Arberry: and the earth-after that He spread it out,

For those who question that the verse means the Earth is flat. Scientists have proven that planet Earth was at one point all covered with land with shallow and limited  bodies of water. The large amount of water that we have on Earth today, where the Earth today is covered by 70% water, happened after  the expansion of the earth which is what the above verse (Qur’an, Chapter 79 ,verse 30) seems to relate to.

We have proof today that the Earth has indeed expanded over time, but this does not mean it was flat. See image below:

moutains-movement

In the above verse, the word “daha” is used in the original Arabic. It’s also translated as “smoothed out,” comes from the word “dahv,” meaning “to spread.” Although the word “dahv” also means to cover or to set out, the meaning of the verb is more than just a prosaic setting out, since it describes setting out in a circle.

The concept of roundness is also present in other words derived from “dahv.” For example, the word “dahv” also refers to children dropping a ball into a hole in the ground, games involving throwing stones into holes and games played with walnuts. Words derived from that root are also used for an ostrich making a nest, cleaning stones from where it is about to lie down, the place where it lays its eggs. From that point of view, the use of the word “daha” contains important information about the shape that God has given to the Earth. Many signs were given via the one word alone at a time when humans believed the Earth was flat. God knows best.

The Qur’an is truly an amazing book and includes many scientific miracles which have been proven to be true by modern science. Many more verses exists within the Qur’an which may be discovered in the future as technology advances. The Qur’an doesn’t give scientific equations, it instead gives many scientific notions that have been proven to be clear scientific miracles because they fit perfectly with modern science. One of the miracles of the Qur’an is that God, through his perfect use of the complex and artistic language of Arabic used scientific notions to make the Qur’an truly dynamic for all the times that it is presented in. These scientific notions hid in them, for many centuries, the scientific statements and discoveries that we just came to know today, and perhaps are even hiding in them more statements that our future generations will discover. This is why you may hear that scriptures before the Qur’an were revealed for those people at the time, but the Qur’an was revealed for all of humanity.

The Qur’an was perfectly created and science continues to discover and prove the Qur’an corrrect. Today, people only believe in what science discovers and as we move on the remaining signs from the Qur’an will be proved correct.

God knows best.

The Universe is Expanding

Edwin Powell Hubble was an American Astronomer who was a key figure in establishing Extragalactic Astronomy and is generally regarded as one of the most important observational cosmologists of the 20th century.

In the 1920’s, when the newly 100″ telescope was constructed at the Mount Wilson Observatory, Edwin Powell discovered that the Universe was not static, but was expanding.

The Qur’an mentions the below verse:

And We have built the heaven with hands (the Divine Power), and it is We Who give the expanse. (Qur’an, 51:47)

The above is mentioned in the Qur’an over 1400 years ago and was only discovered using a telescope in the 1920’s. Telescopes did not exist over 1400 years ago.

Translation of above verse from others:
Sahih International: And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander.
Pickthall: We have built the heaven with might, and We it is Who make the vast extent (thereof).
Yusuf Ali: With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of pace.
Shakir: And the heaven, We raised it high with power, and most surely We are the makers of things ample.
Muhammad Sarwar: We have made the heavens with Our own hands and We expanded it.
Mohsin Khan: With power did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are Able to extend the vastness of space thereof.
Arberry: And heaven — We built it with might, and We extend it wide.

The Arabic word  موسعون  (MOUSI’OONA) mentioned in the verse, and after exploring classical dictionaries and classical commentarys means “The Expander” or “Expanding”. It is an active participle which means that the action is continous meaning the expansion is continous. The following website details each word of the verse in great detail, click here

MOUSI’OONA (موسعون expanding), which is a verb of the noun WAASI’A (واسع vast). Some may say that MOUSI’OONA only means “WE MADE IT VAST”, and is not a continuous process.  This means the word would then have to be AWSA’NA (أوسعنا expanded or made bigger), and not the continueous action and verb MOUSI’OONA (موسعون expanding).  MOUSI’OONA is clearly a verb that refers to a continuing expansion, or a happening and ongoing expansion.

expanders

Some may argue that the above verse was translated as expanding or expander in the recent years. This is not true. See below translations from the past.

1- Tafsir muqatel ibn solaiman (year AD 767)
means: we are able to expand it as we want.
تفسير مقاتل بن سليمان/ مقاتل بن سليمان (ت 150 هـ
{ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ } [آية: 47] يعني نحن قادرون على أن نوسعها كما نريد 2- Tafsir Bahr alolum , (year 985)
means: we are able to expand it as we will.
(فسير بحر العلوم/ السمرقندي
{ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ } يعني نحن قادرون على أن نوسعها كما نريد3- Tafsir alfayruz abadi (year 1414)
means : we we are expanding it as we will.
{ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ } لها ما نشاء
تفسير القرآن/ الفيروز آبادي (ت8174- Tafsir Alnukat waloyon (year 1058)
means : we are able to make the heaven expanding more that it is already expanded.
تفسير النكت والعيون/ الماوردي (ت 450 ه)
الثاني: لموسعون السماء، قاله ابن زيد.
الثالث: لقادرون على الاتساع بأكثر من اتساع السماء.5 – Tafsir Alqasemy : (year 1913 )
means: we are able to expand it, more than it is already expanded.
تفسير محاسن التأويل / محمد جمال الدين القاسمي (ت 1332هـ
{ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ } أي: لقادرون على الإيساع، كما أوسعنا بناءها

6- Tafsir Altabarani (year 970)
means :we expand the heaven in every direction.
تفسير التفسير الكبير / للإمام الطبراني (ت 360 ـ)
{ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ }؛ في السَّماء على الأرضِ في كلِّ جهاتٍ

The following website details each word of the verse in great detail, click here

The above verse is another miracle of the Qur’an and one which could not have been known by humans over 1400 years ago, as the technology did not exist.

Stephen Hawking in his book titled, A Brief History of Time, states that  “The discovery that the Universe is expanding was one of the great intellectual revolutions of the 20th century.”

The Qur’an mentioned the expansion of the Universe well before humans learnt how to build a telescope. Some may argue that the presence of Astronomical facts in the Qur’an is not surprising as the Arabs were advanced in the field of Astronomy. They are correct in acknowledging the advancement of the Arabs in the field of Astronomy, however they fail to realise that the Qur’an was revealed centuries before the Arabs advanced in Astronomy.

Moreover many of the scientific facts mentioned regarding Astronomy, such as the origin of the Universe with a Big Bang, were not known to the Arabs even at the peak of their scientific advancement. The scientific facts mentioned in the Qur’an are therefore not due to the Arabs’ advancement in Astronomy.

The Arabs advanced in Astronomy, because Astronomy occupies a place in the Qur’an.

God knows best