The Sun Rotates

For a very long time humans believed that the earth stood still in the centre of the Universe and every other planet including the Sun moved around it.

Around the year 1512, Nicholas Copernicus put forward his Heliocentric Theory of Planetary Motion, which asserted that the sun is motionless at the centre of the solar system with the planets revolving around it.

In 1609, the German scientist Yohannus Keppler published the ‘Astronomia Nova’. In this he concluded that not only do the planets move in elliptical orbits around the Sun, they also rotate upon their own axis at irregular speeds.

With this knowledge it became possible for European scientists to explain correctly many of the mechanisms of the solar system including the sequence of night and day.

After these discoveries, humans thought that the Sun was stationary and did not rotate about its own axis like the Earth does, but later discovered the Sun actually rotates on its own axis. The rotation of the sun about its own axis can be proved with the help of specially built equipment that projects the image of the sun on the table top so that one can examine the image of the sun without being blinded. This technology did not exist over 1400 years ago.

It is noticed that the sun has spots which complete a circular motion once every 25 days so the sun takes approximately 25 days
to rotate around its own axis.

The sun travels through space at approximately 150 miles per second, and takes about 200 million years to complete one revolution around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy.

The Qur’an  mentions:

“It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon, nor does the night surpass the day; and each one of them floats in its orbit.” (Qur’an, 36:40)

Translations of the above verse from others:
Sahih International: It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.
Pickthall: It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali: It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).
Shakir: Neither is it allowable to the sun that it should overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; and all float on in a sphere.
Muhammad Sarwar: how the sun is not supposed to catch-up with the moon, nor is the night to precede the day. All of them are to float in a certain orbit;
Mohsin Khan: It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.
Arberry: It behoves not the sun to overtake the moon, neither does the night outstrip the day, each swimming in a sky.

This verse mentions an essential fact discovered by modern astronomy, i.e. the existence of the individual orbits of the Sun and the Moon, and their journey through space with their own motion. The ‘fixed place’ towards, which the sun travels, carrying with it the solar system, has been located exactly by modern astronomy. It has been given a name which is the Solar Apex. The Solar system is indeed moving in space towards a point situated in the constellation of Hercules (Alpha Layer) whose exact location is firmly established.

The Moon also rotates around its axis in the same duration that it takes to revolve around the Earth. It takes approximately 29.5 days to complete one rotation.

The Qur’an mentions:

“It is He Who created The Night and the Day, And the sun and the moon: All (the celestial bodies) Swim along, each in its Rounded course.” (Qur’an 21:33)

Translations of the above verse from others:
Sahih International: And it is He who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all [heavenly bodies] in an orbit are swimming.
Pickthall: And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit.
Yusuf Ali: It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.
Shakir: And He it is Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all (orbs) travel along swiftly in their celestial spheres.
Muhammad Sarwar: It is God who has created the night, the day, the Sun, and Moon and has made them swim in a certain orbit.
Mohsin Khan: And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.
Arberry: It is He who created the night and the day, the sun and the moon, each swimming in a sky.

The Sun will soon expire?

The Qur’an also mentions the below verse:

“And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.” (Qur’an, 36:38)

Other translations of the above verse:
Sahih International: And the sun runs [on course] toward its stopping point. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.
Pickthall: And the sun runneth on unto a resting-place for him. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.
Yusuf Ali: And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.
Shakir: And the sun runs on to a term appointed for it; that is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing.
Muhammad Sarwar: how the sun moves in its orbit and this is the decree of the Majestic and All-knowing God;
Mohsin Khan: And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
Arberry: And the sun — it runs to a fixed resting-place; that is the ordaining of the All-mighty, the All-knowing.

The light of the Sun occurs due to a chemical process on its surface. According to scientists, it will come to an end at some point of time in the future when the Sun will be totally extinguished leading to extinction of all life on Earth.

The Qur’an details the Universe in much more detail revealed over 1400 years ago without the Technology we have today, so who would have known all this in such great detail.

God knows best

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